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LED lighting products exports in North America, the European market access requirements analysis of differences

From:Shenzhen STS test services Co., Ltd. Hits:371 Createtime:2017-04-24

      

      LED products as a new generation of green lighting gradually rising for the global application, but also with the global economic situation to pick up and the rapid development of China's LED industry, China's semiconductor lighting industry continues to grow, including LED general lighting is still the market development of the most The main driving force. China's exports of LED lighting products show overseas markets everywhere, export regional structure more balanced. Among them, North America and the EU market to become China's largest export of LED products in the two regions, but the LED lights in the two regions of the regulatory requirements are different degree of difference, how to comply with the two regulatory requirements and market demand has been made in China Business focus.


The LED lighting products exported to the North American market also require electrical safety, electromagnetic compatibility, energy efficiency and chemical testing requirements that comply with US regulatory requirements; however, these requirements differ from the EU Directive in varying degrees:


US, Canada access requirements
 
      The LED lighting products exported to the North American market also require electrical safety, electromagnetic compatibility, energy efficiency and chemical testing requirements that comply with US regulatory requirements; however, these requirements differ from the EU Directive in varying degrees:
 
1, electrical safety testing
 
      The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) under the US Department of Labor requires products that are used in the workplace to be tested and certified by the US National Accreditation Laboratory (NRTL) to ensure the safety of the user, so that most electrical products The US market must comply with the NRTL logo, and OSHA authorized the international certification body as a NRTL certification body in accordance with the applicable standards of product testing and certification; for the Canadian market, sales in Canada or imported to Canada, electrical products must be verified, The test must be done by a laboratory accredited by the Canadian Standards Committee (SCC).
      North American lighting standards and EU IEC are quite different, and North America's electrical safety test does not need to consider the EMF requirements. North American lighting standards are usually in accordance with the installation and use of places to determine the scope of the standard.
      Example: Fixed installation of ceiling lamps, embedded ceiling lamps and other applicable standards are ANSI / UL 1598 and CAN / CSA C22.2 No.250.0, such as these lamps are used LED light source, the certification time need additional consideration ANSI / UL 8750 and CSA C22.2 No.250.13; LED lamps such as the use of built-in electronic power, in addition to the standard series of lamps through the test, the built-in electronic power supply lines must also meet UL1310 or UL8750 requirements.
 
2, energy efficiency test
 
      The United States for access to Energy Star Energy Star certification or DLC certification, CEC voluntary light bulb certified lighting products also provide varying degrees of financial subsidies and rebates; the United States current LED bulb and lamp energy efficiency test focused on LED lighting energy star And DLC, Lighting Facts Label, CEC Title 20, CEC Title24 JA8-2016, DOE US Federal minimum energy efficiency requirements.
 
1, ENERGYSTAR Energy Star Energy Efficiency Certification
      The ENERGY STAR ENERGY STAR logo is a voluntary energy efficiency certification program created by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to ensure that the energy efficiency of regulated products meets regulatory requirements. At present for LED bulb products, lighting and other lighting products.
 
2, Lighting Facts label energy efficiency certification
      It is the US Department of Energy (DOE) announced the implementation of the voluntary energy efficiency labeling project, currently only for LED lighting products, it launched the intention is "Give them the Facts", is to make the lighting products to achieve more specific and more reliable data The requirements of the five aspects of the product from the real performance parameters: lumens lm, the initial light efficiency lm / W, input power W, the relevant color temperature CCT, color rendering index CRI. The project is suitable for LED lighting products range: AC mains or DC power supply complete lighting, low voltage 12V AC or DC lamps, can be separated from the power of LED lamps, linear or modular products.
 
3, DLC energy efficiency certification
      The full name of DLC is "The Design Lights Consortium". A voluntary energy efficiency certification program, the DLC certified product catalog launched by the Northeast Energy Efficiency Partnerships (NEEP), was used for high performance in all parts of the United States that have not yet been covered by the ENERGYSTAR standard LED lamps to promote. The current DLC technical requirements involved in the lighting products are mainly concentrated in the outdoor commercial and industrial building with LED lamps, such as outdoor wall lamps, garage lights, mining lamps, outdoor LED lamps and LED lamps and other lighting products. It is the main performance requirements of the product: total luminous flux, ring with luminous flux, light efficiency, color temperature, color rendering index, luminous flux maintenance rate, power factor, harmonic distortion.
 
4, FTC energy efficiency labeling
      According to the US Federal Trade Commission FTC Act requirements, LED lights into the US market sales need to be packed in the box and the lamp body on the energy label, to the public disclosure of the product's annual power consumption, life and other information, FTC energy efficiency label and the above The Lighting Facts Label is similar, but the FTC energy efficiency label is mandatory. See FTC energy guide label for regulations: 16CFR305.
 
5, California Energy Efficiency CEC requirements
      In order to improve the efficiency of electricity products, the California Energy Commission (California Energy Commission) in December 30, 2005 according to the law of the implementation of electrical energy efficiency regulations CEC Title 20-Appliance Efficiency Regulation. A total of more than 20 kinds of products into the United States, California must comply with the energy efficiency and efficiency of the regulatory requirements. There are also energy efficiency regulations for household buildings CEC Title 24-Building Efficiency Regulation, JA8-2016, which is specifically for the strobe test method JA10-2016 release and adoption. CEC Title 20, CEC Title 24 are mandatory California energy efficiency certification, there is a voluntary CEC bulb V3.0 version has just released and effective.
 
6, Canada energy efficiency test requirements
      For the lighting products, the current mandatory energy efficiency requirements in Canada NRCan has control of the general fluorescent lamps, general incandescent spotlights, general lighting products, but the current LED light source lamp products do not have mandatory energy efficiency requirements.
 
FCC / ICES test requirements
 
      FCC is a mandatory certification of radio interference (EMI) limits for telegraphic video products under US federal law, but does not include EMS (radio interference) test requirements; FCC certification of LED lamps and CE certification EMC EMC certification tests are quite different.
      FCC certification is divided into Verification of Conformity (VoC), Declaration of Conformity (DoC) and Certification (FCC ID) three models, the use of certification methods, depending on the type of product, such as LED panel lights FCC test standards For FCC 47 CFR part 15B, the certification type is: VoC. It is important to note that the FCC certification of LED lamps is divided into Class A (LED lamps used in industrial and commercial environments) and Class B (LED lamps used in residential environment). The two types of test limits are completely different. CE certification There is only one limit for the radio harassment test limits, similar to the Class B in the FCC, with a 9k-30MHz electromagnetic field radiation test.
      Canada has also established a mandatory electromagnetic compatibility requirements for electrical products, referred to as ICES, is the Canadian Industry Department (Industry Canada) a mandatory certification, LED lamp products standard ICES-005, the basic requirements and FCCpart15B consistent, but radiation The test is extended to 1000MHz. From December 1, 2016, ICES-005 Issue4 officially implemented.
 
EU regulations
 
      In Europe, due to the ban on the sale of incandescent lamp policy, LED lighting demand is expected to gradually increase. In addition, a wide range of applications, including automotive, outdoor and decorative applications, as well as LED lighting in the indoor use of demand will surge, in line with EU regulatory requirements will become the Chinese manufacturers to face the challenge.
      According to the European Commission's laws and regulations, lamps and similar products in Europe must be affixed CE certification mark, then the product needs to be marked with CE mark, must comply with the EU's lighting products, electrical safety, EMC, chemical, energy and energy efficiency labels are as follows Directive requirements:
 
1, electrical safety testing
      The Low Voltage Directive (LVD) establishes the overall safety requirements for all low voltage products entering the European Union. The semiconductor lighting products belong to the low voltage products they define and therefore must follow the specifications of the low voltage directives. Comply with the relevant safety standards EN 62560, EN 62031, EN 61347-1 / 61347-2-13, EN 60598-1 / 60598-2 series and other standards, as well as in line with IEC / TR 62778 and IEC / EN 62471 Blu-ray radiation hazards and photobiological radiation safety The standard.
 
2, electromagnetic compatibility test
      According to the EU Directive 2014/30 / EU, the battery compatibility test includes two aspects: electromagnetic interference (EMI) and electromagnetic tolerance (EMS), the former mainly for the conducted interference and radiation interference, while the latter mainly consider the product such as electrostatic discharge, Radiation, burst, surge, conduction interference tolerance, that is, anti-jamming test. The main test standards are: EN55015; EN61547 and EN61000-3-2 power supply harmonics requirements, EN61000-3-3 power supply flashing requirements.
 
3, ERP directive
For LED lights products, ERP instructions for LED lights and control devices need to meet the following requirements:
Energy requirements: the maximum energy efficiency index EEI; control device no-load power, standby power, and load efficiency;
LED lamp function test requirements: 6000h lamp survival rate and lumen maintenance rate; failure before the number of switching; start time; 95% lumens rise time; premature failure rate; color rendering index; color tolerance (color consistency requirements ); Power factor PF. But the current EU ERP and LED flash has not made the request; product information signs and energy efficiency labeling requirements: marked luminous flux, nominal life, color temperature and so on. Please refer to the Implementing Rules for detailed requirements (EU NO.1194 / 2012; NO.874 / 2012);
 
4, Rohs, Reach, WEEE directive
      LED lighting products to meet the above-mentioned electrical safety, EMC, ERP, chemical Rosh, Reach and WEEE electronic scrap recycling instructions can be marked with CE mark, another LED bulbs and lamps also need to follow the energy efficiency label, according to the measured energy consumption data Energy efficiency label.
 
Conclusion
 
      In the LED product testing, in addition to common electrical, energy efficiency, electromagnetic compatibility testing and other mandatory requirements, regardless of the EU or the North American market, more and more buyers focus on LED lighting products, some voluntary certification and performance testing, such as the European market recognized GS Certificate, the United States DLC (Design Lights Consortium), Lighting Facts Label and so on. In addition, the specific optical properties of some LED products are also more and more attention by buyers, such as strobe verification, spectral measurement, color consistency, and color rendering index CRI, LED aging test, energy conversion efficiency, total luminous flux , The viewing angle range and other performance requirements. So in the face of increasingly competitive competition in Europe and the United States market, in addition to compliance with the mandatory certification test, the additional performance often make its products in many similar products more easily stand out.


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