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欧盟无线新版RED指令较旧版R&TTE指令有何变化

文章来源:深圳市德普华电子测试技术有限公司 人气:950 发表时间:2017-07-10

      指令1999/5/EC2016613日起生效,欧盟RED(无线电设备指令)已于2017613日后生效。欧盟委员会发布了关于CE认证的蓝色指南2016/C272/01。以下清楚地解释了欧盟产品规则。


      从上图中我们可以看出,通过进行“风险评估”方式确认产品是否符合RED指令中所提到的ESREssentialrequirements)要求,因此REDR&TTE的实质上区别不大,一些具体变化我们在下文中会做进一步阐述,在RED中相较于R&TTE指令,其强化了风险评估的必要性,并将相关风险责任明确到了由签署DoC的制造商承担。在大多数情况下,制造商所获得的CE标志将不再带有NB号码,除非采用NB审厂的认证模式。

      从两个指令中ScopeDefinitionsEssential requirementLabelUser ManualPackageRED DoC Letter等方面总结下新旧指令的主要差异。

 

1Scope(范围): 


RED Scope

R&TTE Scope

This Directive establishes a regulatory framework for the making available on the market and putting into service in the Union of radio equipment.

This Directive establishes a regulatory framework for the placing on the market, free movement and putting into service in the Community of radio equipment and telecommunications terminal equipment.

ANNEX I(4).Receive only radio equipment intended to be used solely for the reception of sound and TV broadcasting services

 

我们从新旧指令的Article 1 Scope内容对比分析,主要变化在: 

1、RED产品范围包括无线通讯和无线识别设备,至于有线通讯终端设备(TTE)则被从新指令中移除。

2、无线广播接收机现已纳入RED指令的管控范围,之前在旧R&TTE指令附录I中属于非管制产品。

 

2Definition(定义):

 

RED Article 2 Definitions

R&TTE Article 2 Definitions

(4)radio wavesmeans electromagnetic waves of frequencies lower than 3 000 GHz, propagated in space without artificial guide;

(12)manufacturermeans any natural or legal person who manufactures radio equipment or has radio equipment designed or manufactured, and markets that equipment under his name or trade mark;

(d)"radio waves" means electromagnetic waves of frequencies from 9kHz to 3000 GHz, propagated in space without artificial guide;

 

我们从新旧指令的Article 2 Definitions内容对比分析,主要变化:

1、RED指令之覆盖频率的下限已被取消,旧R&TTE管控的起始频率是9kHz,上限依然是3000GHZ

2、新RED中的增加了制造商Manufacturer定义,以制造商本身名字或商标标识,制造或设计出来这种无线产品的法人或者自然人才可称为Manufacturer,制造商是Certificate持有者,并且负责签署DOC

请注意:不是品牌所有者的OEM厂商不能签署DOC

 

3Essential Requirements(认证要求):

 

RED Essential requirements:

R&TTE Essential requirements:

1. Radio equipment shall be constructed so as to ensure:

(a) the protection of health and safety of persons and of domestic animals and the protection of property, including the objectives with respect to safety requirements set out in Directive 2014/35/EU, but with no voltage limit applying;

(b) an adequate level of electromagnetic compatibility as set out in Directive 2014/30/EU.

2. Radio equipment shall be so constructed that it both effectively uses and supports  the efficient use of radio spectrum in order to avoid harmful interference.

3. Radio equipment within certain categories or classes shall be so constructed that it complies with the following essential requirements:

(a) radio equipment interworks with accessories, in particular with common chargers;

(b) radio equipment interworks via networks with other radio equipment;

(c) radio equipment can be connected to interfaces of the appropriate type throughout the Union;

(d) radio equipment does not harm the network or its functioning nor misuse network resources, thereby causing an unacceptable degradation of service;

(e) radio equipment incorporates safeguards to ensure that the personal data and privacy of the user and of the subscriber are protected;

(f) radio equipment supports certain features ensuring protection from fraud;

(g) radio equipment supports certain features ensuring access to emergency services;

(h) radio equipment supports certain features in order to facilitate its use by users with a disability;

(i) radio equipment supports certain features in order to ensure that software can only be loaded into the radio equipment where the compliance of the combination of the radio equipment and software has been demonstrated.

1. The following essential requirements are applicable to all apparatus:

(a) the protection of the health and the safety of the user and any other personincluding the objectives with respect to safety requirements contained in Directive73/23/EEC, but with no voltage limit applying;

(b) the protection requirements with respect to electromagnetic compatibility contained in Directive 89/336/EEC.

2. In addition, radio equipment shall be so constructed that it effectively uses the spectrum allocated to terrestrial/space radio communication and orbital resources so as to avoid harmful interference.

3. In accordance with the procedure laid down in Article 15, the Commission may decide that apparatus within certain equipment classes or apparatus of particular types shall be so constructed that:

(a) it interworks via networks with other apparatus and that it can be connected to interfaces of the appropriate type throughout the Community; and/or that

(b) it does not harm the network or its functioning nor misuse network resources, thereby causing an unacceptable degradation of service; and/or that

(c) it incorporates safeguards to ensure that the personal data and privacy of the user and of the subscriber are protected; and/or that

(d) it supports certain features ensuring avoidance of fraud; and/or that

(e) it supports certain features ensuring access to emergency services; and/or that

(f) it supports certain features in order to facilitate its use by users with a disability.

 

我们从新旧指令Article 3 Essential requirements的内容要求上对比分析,新RED主要变化是:

1、RED管控的无线电设备不受LVD指令或电磁兼容指令(EMCD)的影响。

2、增加针对家畜和宠物的防护考虑。

3、新指令在safety health上的须符合最新LVD指令2014/35/EU

4、新指令在EMC方面须符合最新EMC指令2014/30/EU

5、新指令提出了设备配套使用的附件一致性要求,重点强调了充电器的兼容性问题。

6、新指令提出了无线设备植入软件的符合要求评估。

 

一、如何定义RED中的Manufacturer

 

      RED里规定的Manufacturer就是Certificate holder证书拥有者。只有Manufacturer可以签署符合REDDoC letter,这个DoC大部分的客户都是直接印在Users Manual里面。 

那么对于RED来说,Manufacturer的定义是什么呢? 

A. Brand Owner,也就是品牌商,例如AppleZTE、华为。

B. ODM,也就是替品牌商设计跟制造产品。例如Asus会替HP设计跟制造印表机,Asus就是ODM。请特別注意单纯的制造叫OEM不叫ODM,例如FoxconnApple制造,Foxconn就只是Factory不是Manufacturer 

注意:当品牌商是委托ODM设计制造产品的時候,他们双方就要协调谁是Manufacturer, 可以是品牌商也可以是ODMManufacturer的资料会出现在RED申请书跟RED证书上。所以这一点务必确认清楚。

 

二、RED对产品的Label(标签)要求

 

区别于 R&TTE Directive, RED不一样的地方:   

A. 不需要印NB number, 除非厂商有 RED Annex IV 整厂认证 

B. Manufacturer name & address, 如果 label 空间不够则可以印在 Users manual Package 

C. class 2 device不再需要印感叹号Alert Sign)。 

 

三、RED对产品的Users Manual(用户手册)要求:

 

区别于 R&TTE 的地方, REDUsers Manual的要求:

A. 必须标示 Operating Frequency Range Max Output Power

B. 如果产品只限定在室內使用必须有相关的使用说明,例如 5150-5350MHz 只能在室內使用。

C. Class 2 device,如果某些国家对该产品使用频率有限制的话则必须要有新的标示 (见以下包装要求的内容)  

 

四、RED对产品的Package (包裝)要求:

 

区别于R&TTEREDClass 2 device的警告标示方式也有所不同。

1.在包装/附带说明中提供的信息应允许在成员国内的成员国或地理区域的识别,其中存在对使用授权的使用或要求的限制;
2.
象形图应采用桌子的形式,并应明显地粘贴在包装上;

 

以下是目前欧盟正在讨论的标示方式,一般预估以下标示方式会是最后的版本。

 

五、RED DoC Letter(符合声明信):

 

1、这个部分跟R&TTE不一样的是内容必须要说明这个产品贩卖的时候附属的周边产品(包含选配)的厂牌型号(例如 Adapter)

2、以及牵涉无线电功能的Hardware/Software/Firmware版本。 

      旧的R&TTE认证过的产品,将于2017612日后不再适用欧盟市场要求。针对旧指令下已经认证过的产品,且在2017612日后确有持续出口需求,我们建议您可以做如下工作:

1、资料方面按照前文所述进行更新;

2、测试报告按照根据RED协调标准进行补充差异测试;

3、按照RED模板,重新签署DoC文件。 

      针对已经完成R&TTE指令认证上市销售的产品,如其销售周期也需延续到2017612日后,则根据RED相关精神,制造商、进口商、分销商有责任确保产品持续符合新指令带来的差异要求,否则可能会有面临退市,召回或下架的风险可能。建议这部分客户可以采用之前的评估和补充差异测试的方式进行补充认证。

      截止到今天,欧盟共发布47RED的协调标准,包括WIFIBT等设备的RED认证标准EN 300 328 V2.1.1(RED)。需要说明的是仅部分采用协调标准时,需由NB机构审核所有认证技术资料。

六、RED指令与RTTE的测试差异

 

      那么,如何符合新的CE-RED认证要求?什么是最好的时间进行红色?如何从R&TTE指令更新到RED指令?RED指令会影响市场上的产品吗?
      RED
2016613日起受到影响,如果制造商想要在RED下进行产品认证,他们应该采取行动。
旧的R&TTE Certified产品不能满足欧盟市场监督在2014612日后,这种情况转变:
如上所述,更新了RED后的TCF
根据RED协调标准实施不同的测试;
按照红色辞职DOC


红色一致性评估解决方案:


采用附件三合格性评定模块B欧盟式检验,认证机构应检查技术文件和证据,以评估无线电设备的技术设计是否充分。
通知机构审核所有技术文件,包括测试报告。


截至目前,欧盟官方杂志发表了47REDHarmonized标准,例如EN 300 328 V2.1.1(新)


宽带传输系统;在2.4GHz ISM频带中工作并使用宽带调制技术的数据传输设备;协调标准涵盖了2014/53/EU指令第3.2条的要求。

此文关键词:RED指令,R&TTE指令

友情链接:LINK   无线充QI认证印度WPC认证台湾NCC认证加拿大IC认证CE认证FCC认证Telec认证SRRC认证CCC认证蓝牙BQB认证